For example, most of the delegates supported the imposition of property qualifications for voters in their individual states. Opponents of the ban on exports objected on economic grounds. In times of crisis they had been and would continue to be overridden.
In return, Southern states agreed to stop importing slaves from Africa by That decision would prove to be one of the most serious mistakes made by the men who drafted the Constitution.
Some delegates began to leave in protest, and a sense of gloom settled over the statehouse. Surprisingly enough, it was Federalist James Madison who eventually presented the Bill of Rights to Congress despite his former stance on the issue.
The Constitutional Convention undoubtedly was called to broaden the powers of the federal government as they existed under hopelessly ineffective Articles of Confederation. State bills of rights offered no protection from oppressive acts of the federal government because the Constitution, treaties and laws made in pursuance of the Constitution were declared to be the supreme law of the land.
The cause of the rights of states had its champions in the first decades of the nineteenth century, including Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson, among many others. But they were an important step forward in the notion that the purpose of governments was to serve the public interest while at the same time protecting individual liberty.
Antifederalists therefore had their amendments printed in newspapers and as a broadside as part of the Dissent of the Minority of the Pennsylvania Convention.